What's Happening in Wool News...
Beginner, Intermediate, Novice Shearers
Sheep Shearing Training Course October 6-10, 2014
Are you interested in learning how to shear or want to refine your current skills?
Come join Don Metheral and myself, Ryan Bowden for a week long course starting Oct 6 - 10 at Holstein, Ontario.
For enrolment details and costs please contact myself, Ryan Bowden on 905-914-9219 or Don Metheral on 705-466-2568.
Grand Re-opening of CCWG Livestock Supplies & Equestrian Centre
July 23rd, 2014
Wool roving cutting ceremony and BBQ
Left to right : Eric Bjergso, CCWG General Manager; Andrew Brydges, CCWG Stockmans; Lee-Anne Durant-McIntyre, CCWG Livestock Supplies Manager; Wendy LeBlanc, Carleton Place Mayor; Dwayne Acres, CCWG President.
Lambsdown Park Festival 2014 was a great success!
Click on the lamb for more photos
Can Sheep Save the Planet? Yes - says Allan Savory!
On 29 April 2014 at the IWTO Congress in Cape Town, Allan Savory held an inspirational talk about how sheep are an important factor in stopping desertification and climate change.
“Desertification is a fancy word for land that is turning to desert,” states Allan Savory in his quiet but inspirational form. And it's happening to about two-thirds of the world’s grasslands, accelerating climate change and causing traditional grazing societies to descend into social chaos. Savory has devoted his life to stopping it. He now believes, and his work so far shows, that a surprising factor can protect grasslands and even reclaim degraded land that was once desert. The role of livestock, such as sheep, in a new agriculture that can save city-based civilization. Allan discusses how animals can be used to heal landscapes, combat climate change, restore economies, increase soil fertility, produce clean water, provide healthy habitat for wildlife, and more.
Watch the video http://www.iwto.org/news/52/
Shearing Training for Now and the Future
Are you shearing your own flock? Are you shearing someone else’s flock?
Have you ever said to yourself “Why am I doing this, this is so hard”
You are not the first person to pick up a handpiece and say that and you won’t be the last. Shearing is a hard, physically demanding job but at the same time extremely rewarding. The saying goes “practice makes perfect”. To perfect the art of shearing can take years of dedication and commitment. Due to the small flock size in Canada it is hard to shear the numbers needed to perfect your trade but with some expert training, instruction and guidance, the process of becoming an efficient shearer is made a lot easier.
Let me help YOU
If you require assistance please contact Ryan Bowden: 905 914 9219
Campaign for Wool, coming to Canada!
The Campaign for Wool is a global endeavour initiated by its patron, The Prince of Wales, in order to raise awareness amongst consumers about the unique, natural and sustainable benefits offered by wool. The Campaign for Wool currently runs in 12 different countries including France, Australia, Japan and the United States.
A launch event was held in Pictou, Nova Scotia on Sunday, May 19, 2014 and included local sheep, farmers, artisans, representatives of the Canadian Wool Industry and models wearing wool designs from the Campaign’s newly confirmed founding retail partners Holt Renfrew, Joe Fresh and Pink Tartan.
“We are thrilled to be able to bring the Campaign for Wool to Canada,” says Eric Bjergso, General Manager for Canadian Cooperative Wool Growers, The Campaign’s Canadian delivery partner. “Wool is a wonder material; a sustainable fabric that supports rural economies. We are grateful to The Prince for helping to share that story with Canadians”.
Campaign activities are centered on an annual Wool Week, a weeklong festival of events and workshops celebrating wool in all its guises. Canada’s first Wool Week will debut this fall in Toronto in partnership with our founding retail partners. Specific events and timings will be announced at a later date.
Encouraging collaboration between an international community of woolgrowers, major fashion designers, retailers, manufacturers, artisans and interior designers, the Campaign has been instrumental in educating consumers about the versatility of wool, and reconnecting them with its myriad uses – From luxurious fine merino knitwear to fire-retardant insulation for the home.
Since its launch in 2010, The Campaign for Wool has influenced a new demand for wool on an international scale, and its efforts have seen an outstanding threefold increase in the price farmers receive for their wool.
For more information, please visit http://www.campaignforwool.org/
Phil Kolodychuk elected Canadian Sheep Federation Chairman of the Board
November, 2013 – Ottawa, Ontario – The Canadian Sheep Federation (CSF) is pleased to announce the election of Phil Kolodychuk as Chairman of the Board at the 2013 Annual General Meeting. Phil Kolodychuk, along with his wife and children have raised lambs in Bluesky, Alberta for the past 12 years.
Read full story
CCWG WOOL INDUSTRY NEWS
The CCWG recently held Management and Board of Director meetings at the 95th Annual General Meeting in Saint-Hyacinthe, QC on October 18 & 19th, 2013.
The 2013 elected Board of Directors are as follows:
Dwayne C. Acres, Osgoode, ON
1st Vice President
David Mastine, St. Felix de Kingsey, QC
2nd Vice President
John L. Farrell, Wingham, ON
John D. Woodburn, Grimshaw, AB
Shearwell CSIP Double ASET Tags – Now Available
The Shearwell double ASET tag is now available for purchase through the Canadian Cooperative Wool Growers Limited. Many CSBA members have been anxiously awaiting the approval of the Shearwell double tag due to its small size and excellent reputation for rate of retention.
CSBA members may use a double tagging system with two tags approved and bearing the official identification number under the Canadian Sheep Identification Program as an alternative for tattooing registered sheep. While the option to use approved double tags in place of tattoos has been in effect since October 2006, only Allflex double tags were approved until now.
2013 Nanjing Wool Market Conference
Eric Bjergso, CCWG General Manager attended the 25th China International Wool Trade Fair and Information Conference which was recently held in Suzhou, China from September 14th – 16th. Canadian wool was on display at the trade fair and we successfully negotiated a number of contracts for delivery through to February 2014. In the photo, Paul Wang, Assistant General Manager of Shanghai Favors Import & Export Co. Ltd. discusses Canadian wool with Eric Bjergso.
For more information on the conference, please review the following press releases or download the Wool Market Report 2013
25th Nanjing Wool Market Conference 2013
Nanjing Wool Market Conference 2013 was held in Suzhou on 14 – 16 September.
It was attended by some 500 delegates and dignitaries with more than 100 delegates from outside China.
Chinese government officials briefed delegates on the economic situation of the wool textile industry in China as well as the wool outlook for the coming 12 months.
Full story - http://www.woolnews.net/news/25th-nanjing-wool-market-conference-2013/
The 25th China International Wool Trade Fair & Information Conference Successfully Ended
The 25th China International Wool Trade Fair & Information Conference estimated two difficulties for wool textile industry:
Fine wool being neglected and environmental issues
Where will wool prices go in the future? How is the current supply and demand situation of global wool market? What will demand situation and fashion trend of wool textile in the future? At the 25th China International Wool Trade Fair & Information Conference in Suzhou Jiangsu Province from September 14th to 16th, representatives of China wool textile industry chain companies and corporate counterparts from more than ten countries discussed these issues. Experts demonstrated that the industry is now facing two difficulties: Fine wool being neglected and environmental issues.
Full story - http://www.woolmarket.com.cn/en/newsDetail.aspx?id=1386
New Wool Baler in Carleton Place
We have replaced an older model wool baler at our Carleton Place wool grading facility with a new high density wool baler purchased from a USA manufacturer.
Old wool baler on forklift New high density wool baler
Fastening the bale wires Conveyor belt from grading line empties into baler
1st wool bale (1,000 - 1,200 lbs)
Harper Government Expands Livestock Genetic Access in Brazil
Ottawa, Ontario,September 11, 2013
Canadian sheep and goat producers will now benefit from more export opportunities in Brazil with the support of the Harper Government.
Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz announced today that imports of sheep and goat genetics from Canada have now been approved by Brazil, a market the Canadian Livestock Genetics Association (CLGA) estimates to be worth approximately $1.5 million to $ 2 million annually for Canadian exporters.
August 19, 2013
Carleton Place Stockman Supply Store Renovation – it’s a go!
The CCWG Board of Directors have recently approved managements' proposal to renovate the Carleton Place Stockman Supply Store.The project involves demolishing and renovating the existing Stockman Supply Store which is contained within the warehouse and is comprised of an area of approximately 7,500 square feet. The original stone walls of our CPR roundhouse will be sandblasted to highlight the beautiful architecture of the building which was built in the late 1800’s. As well, fifteen large heritage style windows will be installed.
The following floor plans illustrate the scope of the work to be undertaken.
The plan will be to completely relocate the current store and inventory into our new warehouse building until the project is completed (estimated 10 – 12 weeks). During this time frame the new storage building will not be used for storage of graded wool bales.
The desgin-build contractor for the project will be Cornerstone Builders Ltd from Belleville, ON.
Click on pictures for larger size. Click here to see more pictures of the renovations as it happens.
August 6, 2013 - Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne
along with her staff, members of the Ontario Federation of Agriculture and local dignitaries, toured the wool grading and retail business of Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers Limited at Carleton Place, Ontario on August 6, 2013.
The Premier even tried her hand for the first time at sheep shearing and did a pretty good job!
Photo courtesy of Laura Bennett
Premier of Ontario and Minister of Agriculture and Food, Kathleen Wynne was in Carleton Place August 6th. She participated in a tour of Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers Limited (CCWG) witnessing a sheep shearing demonstration. CCWG grades and markets close to 3 million pounds of raw wool each year.
Pictured from left: CCWG President Dwayne Acres, CCWG General Manager Eric Bjergso, Premier Wynne, Carleton Place Mayor Wendy LeBlanc and Councilor Rob Probert.
Click on pictures for larger size.
BC Sheep Breeders lose a dedicated Member - Ken Mallinson
Click on picture for larger size.
OSMA Defers Implementation of the National Tag Fee
21 June 2013 - After careful consideration, the OSMA Board of Directors voted at their May meeting to delay the implementation of the National Tag Fee.
“Ontario producers made it clear at the AGM in October that they wanted to provide the Canadian Sheep Federation with stable funding,” says Dennis Fischer, Chairman. “After discussions with Ontario producers, the Canadian Sheep Federation and Ontario Farm Products, it became clear that a deadline of 1 September, 2013 to implement the tag fee in Ontario was aggressive .Given this, we have elected to delay the implementation.”
OSMA will continue to fund the CSF based on the size of the provincial ewe flock, as it has in the past, and provincial check off will remain at $1.80 until September 1, 2014.
OSMA is going to take the time to seek further clarification on the implications of the tag fee and better prepare producers and the organizations for implementation. The organization is committed to communicating with producers on this issue, and if you have any questions and/or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact the office at 519.836.0043 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Canadian Sheep Federation Appoints New Executive DirectorJune 21, 2013 – Ottawa, Ontario - Following an exhaustive search, the Canadian Sheep Federation (CSF) Board of Directors is pleased to welcome Corlena Patterson as its new Executive Director.
“We are confident that the skills Corlena brings to this assignment will be an asset to the organization and will help the Canadian Sheep Federation work as an advocate for sheep producers, creating conditions for the success of the industry” said Andrew Gordanier, CSF Chair.Corlena has been a member of the CSF team since May of 2011, serving as Project Manager to the National TSE Eradication Plan. Corlena has an extensive background in Canadian agriculture including a five year tenure as adjunct lecturer in the Agriculture and Equine Departments of the University of Guelph. In addition to a Bachelor’s Degree in Animal Science from McGill University, Corlena is completing a Master’s program with the Royal School of Veterinary Studies at the University of Edinburgh.
“I would like to thank the CSF Board of Directors for their support in my appointment as Executive Director. I am excited for the challenges and opportunities this post presents, and for the future of the Canadian sheep industry” says Patterson, adding “Having been a producer myself, this position is near and dear to me”.Patterson will assume Executive Director responsibilities for the Canadian Sheep Federation straight away, maintaining momentum in the renewal process, as well as on the Traceability, Scrapie and On-Farm Food Safety (OFFS) files.
The Canadian Sheep Federation is a national, non-profit organization that represents all Canadian sheep producers. Its mission is further the viability, expansion and prosperity of the Canadian sheep and wool industry.
The Canadian Sheep Federation is a national, non-profit organization that represents all Canadian sheep producers. Its mission is to further the viability, expansion and prosperity of the Canadian sheep and wool industry.For more information, contact the Canadian Sheep Federation at 888.684.7739 or email@example.com.
Shearing School dates for Manitoba
Dates: August 21st-22nd
Location: Tony Atkinson Collection Yard, Brandon, MB
Cost: $275 - includes lunches, comb and 2 cutters.
$200 for those who have their own equipment.
The course is open to beginners and shearers who want some advance training.
On the August 22nd I will be doing wool preparation instructions for shearers and producers, this is open to everyone at no cost.
Please contact Brian Greaves 204-567-3509
Canadian Lamb Producers Cooperative Inc.
Lamb producers the first to benefit from Exemption Agreement
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan May 22, 2013: In a move that could bring major benefits to Canada’s agriculture industry, the Canadian Securities Administration has granted a ground-breaking Exemption Agreement to the Canadian Lamb Producers Cooperative Inc. Lamb producers from across Canada will benefit immediately from the agreement, which will make it easier to become members of the Saskatoon-based Cooperative.
Read rest of article
Shearing School for Beginners in Ontario
September 24 – 26, 2013
What is there to be learned:
• Sheep Handling
• Shearing Pattern
• Equipment Setup
• Personal Health Issues in regard to shearing
• Wool Preparation
CCWG Wool Handling Seminars 2013
CCWG is intending to conduct wool handling seminars in Eastern and Western Canada at a convenient time and location during the current year. Travel expenses would be covered by CCWG and we are extending an invitation to all wool depot operators and shearers to determine if there is interest. Please contact the undersigned at your earliest convenience.
Eric Bjergso, General Manager
Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers Limited
Box 130 142 Franktown Rd
Carleton Place, ON K7C 3P3
Bucket list ticked at Golden Shears 2013
Canadian Doug Kennedy, 74, is one very happy man. Attending the Golden Shears in Masterton over the past three days has been a dream come true for him.
“It’s been on my bucket list for years and I can’t believe I’m here,” he enthuses. “I’ve just left temperatures of 20 below and a metre of snow, so I’m happy to be in New Zealand on many levels,”
Doug knows what he’s watching too. He’s been shearing and teaching the craft for decades in his home state of Ontario. A teacher of elementary school children(9-13 years olds) by profession, he was literally forced into learning how to shear when his father died and he was left as a 20 year old with a 125 strong flock of large Suffolk ewes to shear. It was a small farm of 50 acres that he had been raised on and he wanted to make it work, in honour of his father.
Canada's Outstanding Young Farmers Program
Canada's Outstanding Young Farmers for 2012 will be chosen at the National Event in Charlottetown PEI from November 28 to December 2, 2012. This year there are two Canadian Shepherds vying for the title of Canada's Outstanding Young Farmers.
Atlantic Regional Winner - Mark & Sally Bernard
Quebec Regional Winner - Martin Brodeur-Choquette & Johanne Cameron
CCWG Magazine & Catalogue for 2013 - Ad deadline is Friday, November 16th, 2012
Magazine ad rates
Twist - Textile Magazine
World Textile Information Network
Article about CCWG By Charlotte Rogers
The vast land mass of Canada stretches from the Atlantic in the east to the Pacific Ocean, all the way to the Arctic at its northern most point. The second largest country in the world, there is plenty of scope for wool growing, although meat production has tended to take preference in the past.
Read more... (pages 18 -19)
October 4, 2012
First-generation farmers named Quebec’s 2012 Outstanding Young Farmers
Quebec City, QC [September 25, 2012] –Martin Brodeur Choquette and Johanne Cameron channeled their passion and determination for agriculture into realizing their dream of farming full time. From non-farming roots, the lamb and cash crop producers from St-Charles-sur-Richelieu have been recognized for their accomplishments as Quebec’s 2012 Outstanding Young Farmers (OYF). The couple will now represent Quebec in the national OYF event in Charlottetown, PEI this November. Read more...
Canada's Outstanding Young Farmers Program - http://www.oyfcanada.com/home.aspx
Wool Market Report - Fall 2012
Unfortunately the much improved wool market conditions of 2011 have not carried through into 2012. The global economic downturn has affected all major wool consuming countries and the situation is not expected to improve before the second half of 2013. Weak demand and lack of orders has resulted in difficult marketing conditions with wool prices falling in excess of 30% on a global basis during the past six months. China remains the major purchaser and processor of wool from all origins, but many mills are now operating at less than 50% capacity with minimal export business being concluded. We will need to see China buying wool for export orders before there will be any significant improvement in wool prices. World wool production is not expected to increase in the coming year and this will help support wool prices to a degree.
Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers thriving
Posted Sep 13, 2012 By Jeff Maguire
EMC Business - Eric Bjergso is in China this week on a marketing trip to sell Canadian wool to the largest emerging market in the world.
Bjergso is the long-time general manager of the Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers Limited (CCWG). What many people don't know is that the company, the oldest industry in Carleton Place, is also the centre of the wool business in Canada. The national cooperative grades and markets nearly three million pounds of raw wool annually, with more than 90 per cent of the activity occurring at their Carleton Place headquarters.
On Aug. 10 and 11 nearly 60 staff and directors of CCWG from across Canada attended the organization's annual general meeting (AGM) in Carleton Place. Two days of meetings involving directors, management and staff were highlighted by the official opening of the cooperative's newest piece of infrastructure. The 45 foot by 150 foot building will be used partly to store graded product (wool) and partly as a centre for the firm's considerable livestock supply and handling equipment division.
Carleton Place Mayor Wendy LeBlanc was a special guest at the official opening, as well as at the evening banquet, attended by 100 people, held at the Carleton Place Curling Club which brought the AGM to a close.
2012 Nanjing Wool Market Conference
CCWG General Manager - Eric Bjergso, participated in the 24th International Wool Trade Fair and Information Conference with a Canadian wool display. Held in Sanya, China September 12th - 14th 2012, the event was attend by over 500 delegates from the Chinese and International wool trade.
August 11th, 2012
Grand Opening Ceremony for new storage building in Carleton Place, Ontario
Lee-Anne Durant-McIntyre (CP Stockman Supply Manager) & Jim McNeely (Wool Superintendent)
holding the wool roving for ribbon cutting ceremony performed by
Dwayne Acres (CCWG President), Wendy LeBlanc (CP Mayor) & Eric Bjergso (CCWG General Manager)
CCWG Wool Industry News
The CCWG recently held Management and Board of Director meetings at the 94th Annual General Meeting in Carleton Place, Ontario on August 10th & 11th 2012. The 2012 elected Board of Directors are as follows:
President - Dwayne C. Acres, Osgoode, ON
1st Vice President - David Mastine, St. Felix de Kingsey, QC
2nd Vice President - John D. Woodburn, Grimshaw, AB
- John L. Farrell, Wingham, ON
Additional Directors returning to the Board are as follows:
Margarete Zillig, Scotch Village, NS (Audit Committee)
Lee Sexton, Hanley, SK (Audit Committee)
Ken H. Mallinson, Langley, BC (Audit Committee)
Brian Greaves, Miniota, MB (CSF Representative)
John D. Balderson, Magrath, AB
Ward Harden, Fir Mountain, SK
For the fiscal year ending February 29, 2012 the co-operative recorded gross sales of $8,000,824 which represents a 10.6% increase from the previous year, with net income from overall operations of $481,860. The Board of Directors have authorized a dividend payment of 7% to the shareholders and 5 cents per pound to the Shareholder Wool Shipper Loyalty Reward Program (SWSLRP). Full details on these programs can be found under Become a Shareholder or Wool Preparation Guide pages. Wool volume increased by 8.6% in 2012 and 8.2% in 2011.
A new storage warehouse at Carleton Place has been completed and the official ribbon cutting ceremony took place on August 11th. It will be utilized as an efficient storage and shipping area for graded wool bales as well as storage for our rapidly expanding livestock supplies business.
The national wool Certificate of Merit recipients for 2011 were announced as follows:
Quebec Hugh Sutherland, Huntingdon, QC
Ontario- Dave Willard, Stella, ON
Ontario - Jim & Nancy Kehoe, Lansdowne, ON - Shearers: Gerald Gemmill & Don Metheral
Ontario - Anita O’Brien, Lansdowne, ON - Shearers: Gerald Gemmill & Don Metheral
Manitoba - Alfred Epp, Boissevain, MB
Manitoba - Early Dawn Land & Livestock Ltd, Virden, MB
Saskatchewan Range - Dale & Dawn Montgomery, Maple Creek, SK - Shearer: Cliff Metheral
Saskatchewan Range - Rex Furgeson, Maple Creek, SK - Shearer: Dan Cahoon
Saskatchewan Range - Richard & Wanda Perrault, Val Marie, SK
Saskatchewan Domestic - Brimar Farms / Martin Catto, Lipton, SK - Shearers: Cliff & Kathy Metheral
Alberta Range - East Cardston Colony, Cardston, AB - Shearers: Colony Shearers
Alberta Domestic - Raymond Harrison, Spirit River, AB
Alberta Domestic - Brian Taylor, Darwell, AB T0E 0L0
British Columbia - Richard & Elizabeth Chambers, Dunster, BC
British Columbia - Horse Camp Ranch – Dennis Clausen, Clinton, BC - Shearer: David Cadsand
As well, three long serving Ontario sheep shearers were recognized by CCWG for their outstanding service and dedication to the sheep and wool industry.
Fearnley Davies – Tweed, ON
Neil Metheral – Glen Huron, ON
George Foster – Jasper, ON
Lee-Anne Durant-McIntyre, Manager of CCWG Livestock Supplies & Equestrian Centre at Carleton Place was also recognized by Management and the Board of Directors on achieving 25 years service with CCWG.
May 14, 2012
Update on sheep industry's progress towards mandatory RFID Tags
Update on sheep industry's progress towards mandatory RFID Tags
In preparation for mandatory traceability in the livestock sector, the Canadian Sheep Federation (CSF), government and industry have been working together to add RFID tags to the list of approved CSIP identifiers. Click for more information
Mise a jour sur les progres realises par l'industrie due mouton en matriere d'etiquettes RFID obligatoires
Afin de permettre la traçabilité obligatoire dans le secteur de l'élevage, la Fédération canadienne du mouton (FCM), le gouvernement et l'industrie ont collaboré afin d’ajouter les étiquettes RFID (identification par radio fréquence) à la liste des identifiants approuvés par le Programme canadien d'identification des moutons (PCIM). Lire plus
May 1, 2012
New Wool Depot for Northern Ontario
Belle Vallée Wools has been destroyed by fire and will no longer receive wool from sheep producers.
The new CCWG wool depot will be located in the New Liskeard area.
Please call Ernie Tobler at 705-647-0411
March 1, 2012
New CCWG Satellite Store at OLEX Stockyard in Kitchener/Waterloo
Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers Limited Google Maps
c/o OLEX Stockyard (Tuesday & Thursday only - 9 am to 3 pm)
Box 443, 856 Weber St N Waterloo, ON N2J 4A9
Phone/Fax: 1-519-888-8299 firstname.lastname@example.org
Wool Market & Business Update Fall 2011
Submitted by Eric Bjergso, General Manager
Coming into 2011 there was widespread optimism for improving wool market conditions and this proved to be the case up until about August of this year. Finer wools made the greater gains but coarser micron wool prices also lifted which resulted in very good trading conditions at higher prices. China continues to be a major destination for wool processing, purchasing 42% of total global wool production. It is very positive news that the Chinese government has committed to invest in R & D technology innovation, management and marketing to ensure that the Chinese wool industry remains competitive and produces quality products. European processors have been much more active in purchasing raw wool in 2011 which has also contributed to better overall demand. However, since August the wool market has been quite unstable due to a number of factors. The outlook for economic growth in many of the major consuming countries has weakened in the past few months as a result of continued volatility in world financial markets because of government debt in the USA and the Euro zone. This has negatively impacted most commodities and wool is no exception. The current global financial market environment with fluctuating currency rates, combined with high unemployment in USA and Europe is having an effect on consumer confidence. Quite often textiles are immediately affected when this type of market place conditions prevail, as the consumer will choose to delay purchases.
New CCWG Satellite Store at Perlich Auction Mart, Lethbridge, AB
(on ground floor beside office)
KURL-LOCK #3 PINK KETCHUM TAGS & ALLFLEX VISUAL TAGS
Are no longer available for purchase
Key milestones for mandatory RFID tags - PDF download
CCWG General Manager - Eric Bjergso, participated in the 23rd International Wool Trade Fair and Information Conference with a Canadian wool display.
Held in Nanjing, China September 6th - 8th, 2011, the event was attended by over 700 delegates from the Chinese and International wool trade. Read more...